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Indian History Gk Question

1. What is the name of the world’s largest Hindu temple complex located in Angkor, Cambodia?

A) Angkor Wat
B) Brihadeeswarar Temple
C) Khajuraho Temples
D) Meenakshi Temple

2. In which city would you find the famous Golden Gate Bridge?

A) San Francisco
B) New York City
C) Chicago
D) Los Angeles

3. What is the capital of France?

A) Madrid
B) Rome
C) Paris
D) Berlin

4. Which planet is known as the Red Planet?

A) Venus
B) Mars
C) Jupiter
D) Saturn

5. Who wrote the famous play “Romeo and Juliet”?

A) William Shakespeare
B) Charles Dickens
C) Jane Austen
D) Mark Twain

1. Who was the first emperor of the Maurya dynasty?

a) Ashoka
b) Chandragupta Maurya
c) Bindusara
d) Kanishka

2. The Harappan Civilization was discovered in which year?

a) 1857
b) 1901
c) 1921
d) 1947

3. Who was the founder of the Gupta dynasty?

a) Chandragupta I
b) Chandragupta II
c) Samudragupta
d) Skandagupta

4. The Battle of Plassey was fought in the year?

a) 1757
b) 1761
c) 1770
d) 1782

5. Who was the first female ruler of Delhi Sultanate?

a) Razia Sultana
b) Chand Bibi
c) Mumtaz Mahal
d) Nur Jahan

6. The capital of the Pallava dynasty was?

a) Kanchipuram
b) Pataliputra
c) Hampi
d) Ujjain

7. The Indian National Congress was founded in which year?

a) 1875
b) 1885
c) 1905
d) 1919

8. Who was the first Governor-General of independent India?

a) Lord Mountbatten
b) Lord Canning
c) Lord Cornwallis
d) Lord Dalhousie

9. The ancient Indian text, “Arthashastra,” was written by?

a) Kautilya (Chanakya)
b) Vishnu Sharma
c) Vatsyayana
d) Valmiki

10. The Kalinga War was fought by Emperor Ashoka in which year?

a) 260 BCE
b) 300 BCE
c) 230 BCE
d) 150 BCE

11. Who was the Mughal emperor when the Taj Mahal was built?

a) Akbar
b) Jahangir
c) Shah Jahan
d) Aurangzeb

12. The Treaty of Bassein was signed between the British East India Company and which Indian ruler?

a) Tipu Sultan
b) Maratha Confederacy
c) Nizam of Hyderabad
d) Peshwa Baji Rao II

13. Who founded the Khilji dynasty in India?

a) Alauddin Khilji
b) Jalaluddin Khilji
c) Qutbuddin Aibak
d) Balban

14. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre occurred in which year?

a) 1917
b) 1919
c) 1922
d) 1925

15. The Indian Independence Act was passed in which year?

a) 1945
b) 1947
c) 1949
d) 1950

16. Who was the first Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress?

a) Sarojini Naidu
b) Annie Besant
c) Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
d) Sucheta Kripalani

17. The Satavahana dynasty ruled over which part of India?

a) South India
b) North India
c) West India
d) East India

18. The Indus Valley Civilization was primarily located in which modern-day country?

a) India
b) Pakistan
c) Bangladesh
d) Nepal

19. Who was the last Mughal emperor of India?

a) Bahadur Shah II
b) Aurangzeb
c) Shah Alam II
d) Akbar II

20. Who was the first Indian woman to climb Mount Everest?

a) Bachendri Pal
b) Arunima Sinha
c) Santosh Yadav
d) Premlata Agarwal

21. Who was known as the “Grand Old Man of India”?

a) Mahatma Gandhi
b) Jawaharlal Nehru
c) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
d) Dadabhai Naoroji

22. The Bhakti movement in India was closely associated with which religion?

a) Hinduism
b) Buddhism
c) Jainism
d) Sikhism

23. The Battle of Panipat in 1526 marked the beginning of the Mughal Empire in India. Who was the Mughal emperor at that time?

a) Babur
b) Humayun
c) Akbar
d) Jahangir

24. Who was the founder of the Arya Samaj, a Hindu reform movement?

a) Swami Vivekananda
b) Swami Dayananda Saraswati
c) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
d) Swami Shraddhananda

25. The Quit India Movement was launched in which year?

a) 1930
b) 1942
c) 1947
d) 1950

26. Who was the first Indian woman to win an Olympic medal?

a) Karnam Malleswari
b) P.T. Usha
c) Mary Kom
d) Saina Nehwal

27. The Golconda Fort is located in which Indian state?

a) Karnataka
b) Telangana
c) Andhra Pradesh
d) Tamil Nadu

28. The Doctrine of Lapse was introduced by which British Governor-General of India?

a) Lord Dalhousie
b) Lord Canning
c) Lord Cornwallis
d) Lord Wellesley

29. Who was the first Sikh Guru?

a) Guru Nanak Dev
b) Guru Angad Dev
c) Guru Amar Das
d) Guru Ram Das

30. The famous Ajanta and Ellora Caves are located in which Indian state?

a) Maharashtra
b) Madhya Pradesh
c) Uttar Pradesh
d) Rajasthan

31. The Battle of Haldighati was fought between which two forces?

a) Mughals and Rajputs
b) Marathas and Mughals
c) Rajputs and Sikhs
d) Vijayanagara and Bahmani Sultanate

32. Who was the first Governor-General of colonial India?

a) Warren Hastings
b) Robert Clive
c) William Bentinck
d) Lord Cornwallis

33. Who was the first Indian woman to receive the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award?

a) Mother Teresa
b) Indira Gandhi
c) Sarojini Naidu
d) Amrita Pritam

34. The Red Fort in Delhi was built by which Mughal emperor?

a) Akbar
b) Jahangir
c) Shah Jahan
d) Aurangzeb

35. The poem “Jana Gana Mana” was composed by which Indian poet?

a) Rabindranath Tagore
b) Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
c) Sarojini Naidu
d) Subramania Bharati

36. Who was the first Indian woman to win the Nobel Prize?

a) Mother Teresa
b) Indira Gandhi
c) Sarojini Naidu
d) Amartya Sen

37. The Mauryan emperor Ashoka was converted to which religion?

a) Buddhism
b) Hinduism
c) Jainism
d) Sikhism

38. The Battle of Tarain, fought in 1191 and 1192, was between which two rulers?

a) Prithviraj Chauhan and Muhammad Ghori
b) Mahmud of Ghazni and Jaipal
c) Babur and Ibrahim Lodi
d) Akbar and Hemu

39. Who was the last Viceroy of India?

a) Lord Mountbatten
b) Lord Curzon
c) Lord Irwin
d) Lord Wavell

40. The Dandi March, also known as the Salt Satyagraha, was led by whom?

a) Mahatma Gandhi
b) Jawaharlal Nehru
c) Subhas Chandra Bose
d) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

41. Who was the founder of the Sikh religion?

a) Guru Nanak Dev
b) Guru Angad Dev
c) Guru Gobind Singh
d) Guru Tegh Bahadur

42. The Chola dynasty was known for its maritime trade and naval power in which region?

a) South India
b) North India
c) East India
d) West India

43. The Battle of Buxar was fought in which year?

a) 1757
b) 1764
c) 1772
d) 1781

44. Who was the first Prime Minister of India?

a) Jawaharlal Nehru
b) Mahatma Gandhi
c) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
d) Rajendra Prasad

45. The ancient university of Nalanda was located in which present-day Indian state?

a) Bihar
b) Uttar Pradesh
c) Madhya Pradesh
d) Rajasthan

46. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also known as the:

a) Sepoy Mutiny
b) Revolt of 1857
c) First War of Independence
d) All of the above

47. Who was known as the “Iron Man of India”?

a) Subhas Chandra Bose
b) Jawaharlal Nehru
c) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
d) Bhagat Singh

48. The ancient city of Vijayanagara, which was the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire, is located in present-day:

a) Karnataka
b) Andhra Pradesh
c) Tamil Nadu
d) Telangana

49. The first Anglo-Sikh War was fought in which year?

a) 1845-1846
b) 1857-1858
c) 1860-1861
d) 1839-1842

50. Who was the first Indian astronaut to travel in space?

a) Rakesh Sharma
b) Kalpana Chawla
c) Sunita Williams
d) Yuri Gagarin