India’s freedom struggle

 
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1. Who was the first Governor-General of independent India?

a) Lord Mountbatten
b) Jawaharlal Nehru
c) C. Rajagopalachari
d) Lord Curzon

2. The Salt March, led by Mahatma Gandhi, took place in which year?

a) 1919
b) 1930
c) 1942
d) 1947

3. Who was known as the “Grand Old Man of India” during the freedom struggle?

a) Mahatma Gandhi
b) Jawaharlal Nehru
c) Dadabhai Naoroji
d) Subhas Chandra Bose

4. The Quit India Movement was launched in which year?

a) 1919
b) 1920
c) 1942
d) 1947

5. Who founded the Indian National Congress in 1885?

a) Mahatma Gandhi
b) Jawaharlal Nehru
c) Dadabhai Naoroji
d) A.O. Hume

6. The Indian National Army (INA) was formed by:

a) Subhas Chandra Bose
b) Bhagat Singh
c) Jawaharlal Nehru
d) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

7. The Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place in which city?

a) Amritsar
b) Delhi
c) Lahore
d) Kolkata

8. The leader of the Ghadar Movement was:

a) Lala Lajpat Rai
b) Bhagat Singh
c) Kartar Singh Sarabha
d) Subhas Chandra Bose

9. The Swadeshi Movement was started in protest against:

a) Partition of Bengal
b) Rowlatt Act
c) Jallianwala Bagh massacre
d) Salt Tax

10. Who coined the term “Swaraj”?

a) Jawaharlal Nehru
b) Mahatma Gandhi
c) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
d) Subhas Chandra Bose

11. The Home Rule Movement was started by:

a) Annie Besant and Bal Gangadhar Tilak
b) Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru
c) Dadabhai Naoroji and Gopal Krishna Gokhale
d) Subhas Chandra Bose and Lala Lajpat Rai

12. Who was known as the “Iron Man of India”?

a) Jawaharlal Nehru
b) Mahatma Gandhi
c) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
d) Bhagat Singh

13. The Poona Pact of 1932 was signed between:

a) Mahatma Gandhi and Lord Irwin
b) Jawaharlal Nehru and Muhammad Ali Jinnah
c) B.R. Ambedkar and Mahatma Gandhi
d) Subhas Chandra Bose and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

14. Who was the first woman President of the Indian National Congress?

a) Sarojini Naidu
b) Annie Besant
c) Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
d) Indira Gandhi

15. The Muslim League was founded in which year?

a) 1905
b) 1906
c) 1919
d) 1920

16. The Rowlatt Act was passed in which year?

a) 1905
b) 1919
c) 1920
d) 1935

17. Who was the first Indian to become the President of the Indian National Congress?

a) Dadabhai Naoroji
b) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
c) Jawaharlal Nehru
d) Womesh Chunder Bonnerjee

18. The Khilafat Movement was launched in support of which cause?

a) Hindu-Muslim unity
b) Indian independence
c) Restoration of the Ottoman Caliphate
d) Abolition of untouchability

19. The Simon Commission was appointed in:

a) 1919
b) 1927
c) 1935
d) 1940

20. Who was the first Governor-General of British India?

a) Lord Mountbatten
b) Lord Canning
c) Lord Dalhousie
d) Lord Cornwallis

21. Who among the following was NOT a member of the Constituent Assembly of India?

a) Mahatma Gandhi
b) B.R. Ambedkar
c) Jawaharlal Nehru
d) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

22. The first session of the Constituent Assembly of India was held in:

a) 1947
b) 1948
c) 1949
d) 1950

23. The Partition of Bengal was annulled in which year?

a) 1905
b) 1911
c) 1920
d) 1947

24. Who is known as the “Frontier Gandhi”?

a) Abdul Ghaffar Khan
b) Khan Abdul Qayyum Khan
c) Muhammad Ali Jinnah
d) Liaquat Ali Khan

26. Who led the Dandi March alongside Mahatma Gandhi?

a) Jawaharlal Nehru
b) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
c) Rajendra Prasad
d) Kasturba Gandhi

27. The Indian National Congress split into two factions in which year?

a) 1907
b) 1919
c) 1920
d) 1947

28. The “Doctrine of Lapse” policy was introduced by which Governor-General?

a) Lord Dalhousie
b) Lord Curzon
c) Lord Canning
d) Lord Ripon

29. Who was the first Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress?

a) Sarojini Naidu
b) Annie Besant
c) Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
d) Sucheta Kriplani

30. Who founded the All India Muslim League?

a) Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
b) Muhammad Ali Jinnah
c) Liaquat Ali Khan
d) Aga Khan III

31. The Non-Cooperation Movement was withdrawn by Mahatma Gandhi after the incident of:

a) Chauri Chaura
b) Jallianwala Bagh
c) Dandi
d) Champaran

32. The first President of the Muslim League was:

a) Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
b) Liaquat Ali Khan
c) Muhammad Ali Jinnah
d) Aga Khan III

33. The Swaraj Party was formed by:

a) Motilal Nehru and C.R. Das
b) Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru
c) Subhas Chandra Bose and Bhagat Singh
d) Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Annie Besant

34. Who was the first Indian woman to hold a cabinet post in independent India?

a) Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
b) Sarojini Naidu
c) Indira Gandhi
d) Rajkumari Amrit Kaur

35. The Champaran Satyagraha was launched in which year?

a) 1919
b) 1920
c) 1930
d) 1942

36. Who among the following was NOT a member of the Indian Constituent Assembly?

a) Rajendra Prasad
b) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
c) Muhammad Ali Jinnah
d) C. Rajagopalachari

37. The Swarajya Party won how many seats in the 1923 elections to the Central Legislative Assembly?

a) 30
b) 40
c) 50
d) 60

38. The Indian National Congress observed its first session outside India in:

a) London
b) Lahore
c) Karachi
d) Geneva

39. Who was the first Indian to join the ICS (Indian Civil Service)?

a) Dadabhai Naoroji
b) Surendranath Banerjee
c) Satyendranath Tagore
d) Sir S.P. Sinha

40. Who among the following founded the Servants of India Society?

a) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
b) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
c) Dadabhai Naoroji
d) Annie Besant

41. The Muslim League’s demand for separate electorates was accepted in which year?

a) 1909
b) 1919
c) 1935
d) 1947

42. Who was known as the “Lion of Punjab”?

a) Lala Lajpat Rai
b) Bhagat Singh
c) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
d) Bal Gangadhar Tilak

43. The Rowlatt Act was passed during the tenure of which Viceroy?

a) Lord Curzon
b) Lord Irwin
c) Lord Chelmsford
d) Lord Reading

44. The first session of the Indian National Congress was held in which year?

a) 1883
b) 1885
c) 1888
d) 1892

45. Who was known as the “Nightingale of India”?

a) Sarojini Naidu
b) Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
c) Annie Besant
d) Rajkumari Amrit Kaur

46. The Cripps Mission visited India in:

a) 1940
b) 1942
c) 1945
d) 1947

47. The Lahore Resolution, demanding a separate Muslim state, was adopted in which year?

a) 1930
b) 1940
c) 1942
d) 1946

48. The “Talwar” was associated with which revolutionary group during the freedom struggle?

a) Khudai Khidmatgar
b) Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
c) Anushilan Samiti
d) Jugantar

49. Who was the first Governor-General of independent India?

a) Lord Mountbatten
b) Jawaharlal Nehru
c) C. Rajagopalachari
d) Lord Curzon

50. The Indian Independence Act was passed by the British Parliament in which year?

a) 1945
b) 1947
c) 1949
d) 1950


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