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1. Who is considered the father of history?

a) Herodotus
b) Aristotle
c) Socrates
d) Plato

2. The French Revolution began in which year?

a) 1789
b) 1776
c) 1804
d) 1812

3. The Industrial Revolution originated in which country?

a) France
b) Germany
c) United Kingdom
d) United States

4. Who was the first emperor of Rome?

a) Julius Caesar
b) Augustus
c) Nero
d) Constantine

5. The Renaissance originated in which country?

a) Italy
b) France
c) Spain
d) England

6. The Magna Carta, signed in 1215, limited the power of which monarch?

a) Louis XIV of France
b) Henry VIII of England
c) King John of England
d) Philip II of Spain

7. Who wrote “The Communist Manifesto”?

a) Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
b) Vladimir Lenin
c) Joseph Stalin
d) Leon Trotsky

8. The Berlin Wall fell in which year?

a) 1989
b) 1991
c) 1985
d) 1993

9. Who was the first female Prime Minister of the United Kingdom?

a) Margaret Thatcher
b) Theresa May
c) Indira Gandhi
d) Angela Merkel

10. Who was the first President of the United States?

a) George Washington
b) Thomas Jefferson
c) Abraham Lincoln
d) John Adams

11. The Boxer Rebellion occurred in which country?

a) China
b) Japan
c) India
d) Korea

12. Who was the first emperor of China?

a) Qin Shi Huang
b) Confucius
c) Sun Tzu
d) Laozi

13. The Treaty of Versailles officially ended which war?

a) World War I
b) World War II
c) Cold War
d) Korean War

14. Who was the leader of the Soviet Union during much of the Cold War?

a) Joseph Stalin
b) Vladimir Lenin
c) Mikhail Gorbachev
d) Nikita Khrushchev

15. The Cuban Missile Crisis occurred in which year?

a) 1962
b) 1956
c) 1971
d) 1968

16. The Treaty of Tordesillas divided the New World between which two countries?

a) Spain and Portugal
b) England and France
c) Netherlands and Belgium
d) Italy and Austria

17. Who was the last tsar of Russia?

a) Nicholas II
b) Ivan the Terrible
c) Peter the Great
d) Vladimir Lenin

18. The Opium Wars were fought between China and which other country?

a) Britain
b) France
c) Russia
d) Japan

19. Who was the first female pharaoh of Egypt?

a) Hatshepsut
b) Cleopatra
c) Nefertiti
d) Merneith

20. The Battle of Hastings in 1066 led to the conquest of England by which leader?

a) William the Conqueror
b) Richard the Lionheart
c) Henry VIII
d) Edward I

21. The Suez Canal was constructed in which country?

a) Egypt
b) Saudi Arabia
c) Israel
d) Greece

22. Who was the founder of the Mongol Empire?

a) Genghis Khan
b) Kublai Khan
c) Attila the Hun
d) Tamerlane

23. The Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 ended which war?

a) War of the Spanish Succession
b) Thirty Years’ War
c) Napoleonic Wars
d) Seven Years’ War

24. The Meiji Restoration occurred in which country?

a) Japan
b) China
c) Korea
d) Vietnam

25. Who was the leader of the Soviet Union at the beginning of World War II?

a) Joseph Stalin
b) Vladimir Lenin
c) Leon Trotsky
d) Nikita Khrushchev

26. The Treaty of Ghent, signed in 1814, ended which war?

a) War of 1812
b) Napoleonic Wars
c) Franco-Prussian War
d) Crimean War

27. The Renaissance was a period of rebirth of interest in which of the following?

a) Art and literature
b) Science and technology
c) Philosophy and politics
d) All of the above

28. The Great Depression began in which year?

a) 1929
b) 1933
c) 1918
d) 1941

29. The Magna Carta laid the foundation for which principle?

a) Rule of law
b) Divine right of kings
c) Absolute monarchy
d) Feudalism

30. Who was the last pharaoh of Egypt?

a) Cleopatra
b) Nefertiti
c) Ramses II
d) Tutankhamun

2. Who was the architect of the theory of evolution by natural selection?

a) Charles Darwin
b) Gregor Mendel
c) Alfred Russel Wallace
d) Thomas Malthus

32. The “Scramble for Africa” refers to the period of colonial expansion by European powers in Africa during which century?

a) 19th century
b) 18th century
c) 17th century
d) 20th century

33. The Treaty of Nanjing, signed in 1842, ended which conflict?

a) First Opium War
b) Boxer Rebellion
c) Taiping Rebellion
d) Second Opium War

34. Who wrote “The Prince,” a treatise on political power and leadership?

a) Niccolò Machiavelli
b) Thomas Hobbes
c) John Locke
d) Jean-Jacques Rousseau

35. The Reign of Terror occurred during which period of French history?

a) French Revolution
b) Napoleonic Era
c) Bourbon Restoration
d) July Monarchy

36. The Reign of Terror occurred during which period of French history?

a) French Revolution
b) Napoleonic Era
c) Bourbon Restoration
d) July Monarchy

37. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, signed in 1918, ended Russia’s involvement in which war?

a) World War I
b) World War II
c) Russian Civil War
d) Russo-Japanese War

38. The Treaty of Portsmouth, signed in 1905, ended which conflict?

a) Russo-Japanese War
b) Crimean War
c) Seven Years’ War
d) Franco-Prussian War

39. Who was the first emperor of the Byzantine Empire?

a) Constantine the Great
b) Justinian I
c) Theodosius I
d) Augustus

40. The Battle of Thermopylae was fought between the Greeks and which empire?

a) Persian Empire
b) Roman Empire
c) Ottoman Empire
d) Macedonian Empire

41. The Treaty of Westphalia, signed in 1648, ended which war?

a) Thirty Years’ War
b) Hundred Years’ War
c) Seven Years’ War
d) War of the Spanish Succession

42. The Battle of Stalingrad was a turning point in which war?

a) World War II
b) World War I
c) Cold War
d) Korean War

43. Who was the first emperor of the Roman Empire?

a) Augustus
b) Julius Caesar
c) Nero
d) Constantine

44. The Treaty of Verdun, signed in 843, divided which empire into three parts?

a) Carolingian Empire
b) Byzantine Empire
c) Ottoman Empire
d) Holy Roman Empire

45. Who was the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire?

a) Romulus Augustulus
b) Constantine XI
c) Nero
d) Julius Caesar

46. The Battle of Hastings in 1066 was fought between which two claimants to the English throne?

a) William the Conqueror and Harold Godwinson
b) Richard the Lionheart and King John
c) Edward I and Henry VIII
d) Charles I and Oliver Cromwell

47. Who was the first emperor of the Holy Roman Empire?

a) Charlemagne
b) Otto I
c) Frederick Barbarossa
d) Charles V

48. The Persian Empire was conquered by which ancient Greek leader?

a) Alexander the Great
b) Pericles
c) Leonidas
d) Themistocles

49. The Rosetta Stone was key to deciphering which ancient language?

a) Egyptian hieroglyphs
b) Ancient Greek
c) Sanskrit
d) Sumerian

50. The Battle of Marathon in 490 BC was a victory for which Greek city-state?

a) Athens
b) Sparta
c) Corinth
d) Thebes